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The 6th European Conference on Positive Psychology (ECPP2012), Moscow, Russia. June 26-29
Title: Utilization of the Competence Scale for Counseling
Sakuma, S., Kimura, T.*, Gyawali, B. & Katsumata, T.
International University of Health and Welfare Graduate School, Tokyo 
*Competence Psychology Center, Japan

Utilization of the Competence Scale for Counseling

The Kumamoto University Competence Scale (the KUCS) was developed by Katsumata for school children in 2000. This scale consists of 35 items including five factors: cognitive, physical, social, survival and general self-esteem competences. Sakuma used the KUCS and ensured its reliability and validity for adult people in 2010. By using the KUCS, we can know whether the client is now in positive state or not. We discussed each other about the data. The purpose of this study is to confirm the possibilities of the utilization of the KUCS in a successful interview.


Our therapies were performed for clients with social anxiety in a 43 year-old man (Case A), with withdrawal in a 20 year-old man (Case B), and with withdrawal in a 35 year-old man (Case C). These sessions continued till the 7th, the 17th and the 25th interview, respectively. Each therapy was ended in the stage which clients attained their goal. The KUCS was applied at the beginning and end-stage of each interview.


At the end of the interview, the scores rose in all of the five factor competences. The general self-esteem competence was remarkably enhanced. The general self-esteem competence factor consists of components about emotional stability (affection, acceptance, approval) and self-confidence (sense of competence, sense of efficacy). Although interviews were finished by agreement between a therapist and a client, the arising of competence scores meant the successful works, which were enable a client to a positive state.
DISCCSION: We assumed that the most important factor of the therapy is to functionalize client’s dysfunctional competences. In the therapy of Case A, the five-step interview by Ivey was applied, and the purpose of interview was to clarify the client’s life-goal. The therapist encouraged him to think possible selection of his work forward the future. His shrinking competences were changed to positive one. In the therapy of Case B, the memory training was introduced to the sessions. The client concentrated his mind on the memory training. He felt the power of concentration, sense of accomplishment, sense of autonomy, and so on. He could decide his next goal; he started to prepare the entrance examination of an University. In the therapy of Case C, the therapist recommended “Thank you Therapy” for the depressed client. Urged by the therapist, he began to say “Thank you” to his children, and write “Thank you for my wife” in his daybook. After that he also received the word of “Thank you” from his family. He felt affection, acceptance, and approval. The client began to take back confidence. The therapy should be a process of activating the client’s competences. From the results of our therapies, we should firstly treat with the general self-esteem competence of the client. These enhanced competences would moreover effect on other factors of cognitive, physical, social, and survival competence.


The KUCS is useful to assess the client’s positive state. It seemed to be necessary to enhance the general self-esteem competence for a successful interview.

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